Joan Blondell


  • The Woman Inside (1981) – Aunt Coll
  • The Glove (1979) – Mrs. Fitzgerald
  • The Rebels (TV Movie) (1979) – Mrs. Brumple
  • The Champ (1979) – Dolly Kenyon
  • Grease (1978) – Vi
  • The Baron (1977) – Mama Lou
  • Opening Night (1977) – Sarah Goode
  • Death at Love House (TV Movie) (1976) – Marcella Geffenhart
  • Won Ton Ton: The Dog Who Saved Hollywood (1976) – Landlady
  • Winner Take All (TV Movie) (1975) – Beverly Craig
  • The Dead Don’t Die (TV Movie) (1975) – Levenia
  • Bobby Parker and Company (TV Movie) (1974) – His Mother
  • The Phynx (1970) – Ruby
  • Big Daddy (1969)
  • Kona Coast (1968) – Kittibelle Lightfoot
  • Stay Away, Joe (1968) – Glenda Callahan
  • Waterhole #3 (1967) – Lavinia
  • Winchester 73 (TV Movie) (1967) – Larouge
  • The Spy in the Green Hat (1967) – Mrs. ‘Fingers’ Stilletto
  • Ace of the Mounties (TV Movie) (1966) – His girlfriend
  • And Baby Makes Three (TV Movie) (1966) – Joan Terry
  • Ride Beyond Vengeance (1966) – Mrs. Lavender
  • The Cincinnati Kid (1965) – Lady Fingers
  • Advance to the Rear (1964) – Easy Jenny
  • Angel Baby (1961) – Mollie Hays
  • Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (1957) – Violet
  • Desk Set (1957) – Peg Costello
  • This Could Be the Night (1957) – Crystal St. Clair
  • Lizzie (1957) – Aunt Morgan James
  • The Opposite Sex (1956) – Edith Potter
  • For Heaven’s Sake (1950) – Daphne Peters
  • Christmas Eve (1947) – Ann Nelson
  • Nightmare Alley (1947) – Zeena Krumbein
  • The Corpse Came C.O.D. (1947) – Rosemary Durant
  • Adventure (1945) – Helen Melohn
  • Don Juan Quilligan (1945) – Marjorie Mossrock
  • A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1945) – Aunt Sissy
  • Cry ‘Havoc’ (1943) – Grace Lambert
  • Lady for a Night (1942) – Jenny Blake
  • Three Girls About Town (1941) – Hope Banner
  • Model Wife (1941) – Joan Keating Chambers
  • Topper Returns (1941) – Gail Richards
  • I Want a Divorce (1940) – Geraldine ‘Jerry’ Brokaw
  • Two Girls on Broadway (1940) – Molly Mahoney
  • The Amazing Mr. Williams (1939) – Maxine Carroll
  • Good Girls Go to Paris (1939) – Jenny Swanson
  • The Kid from Kokomo (1939) – Doris Harvey
  • East Side of Heaven (1939) – Mary Wilson
  • Off the Record (1939) – Jane Morgan
  • There’s Always a Woman (1938) – Sally Reardon
  • Stand-In (1937) – Lester Plum
  • The Perfect Specimen (1937) – Mona Carter
  • Back in Circulation (1937) – ‘Timmy’ Blake
  • The King and the Chorus Girl (1937) – Miss Dorothy Ellis
  • Gold Diggers of 1937 (1936) – Norma Perry
  • Three Men on a Horse (1936) – Mabel
  • Stage Struck (1936) – Peggy Revere
  • Bullets or Ballots (1936) – Lee Morgan
  • Sons o’ Guns (1936) – Yvonne
  • Colleen (1936) – Minnie Hawkins
  • Miss Pacific Fleet (1935) – Gloria Fay
  • We’re in the Money (1935) – Ginger Stewart
  • Broadway Gondolier (1935) – Alice Hughes
  • Traveling Saleslady (1935) – Angela Twitchell
  • Kansas City Princess (1934) – Rosie Sturges
  • Dames (1934) – Mabel
  • Smarty (1934) – Vicki Wallace / Thorpe
  • He Was Her Man (1934) – Rose Lawrence
  • I’ve Got Your Number (1934) – Marie Lawson
  • Convention City (1933) – Nancy Lorraine
  • Havana Widows (1933) – Mae Knight
  • Footlight Parade (1933) – Nan Prescott
  • Goodbye Again (1933) – Anne Rogers
  • Gold Diggers of 1933 (1933) – Carol King
  • Blondie Johnson (1933) – Blondie Johnson
  • Broadway Bad (1933) – Tony Landers
  • Lawyer Man (1932) – Olga Michaels
  • Central Park (1932) – Dot
  • Three on a Match (1932) – Mary Keaton
  • Big City Blues (1932) – Vida Fleet
  • Make Me a Star (1932) – ‘Flips’ Montague
  • Miss Pinkerton (1932) – Nurse Adams, aka Miss Pinkerton
  • The Famous Ferguson Case (1932) – Maizie Dickson
  • The Crowd Roars (1932) – Anne Scott
  • The Greeks Had a Word for Them (1932) – Schatzi Sutro
  • Union Depot (1932) – Ruth Collins
  • Blonde Crazy (1931) – Anne Roberts
  • The Reckless Hour (1931) – Myrtle Nichols
  • Night Nurse (1931) – Maloney
  • Big Business Girl (1931) – Pearl
  • My Past (1931) – Marion Moore
  • The Public Enemy (1931) – Mamie
  • God’s Gift to Women (1931) – Fifi
  • Illicit (1931) – Helen ‘Duckie’ Childers
  • Millie (1931) – Angie Wickerstaff
  • Other Men’s Women (1931) – Marie
  • Sinners’ Holiday (1930) – Myrtle
Movie of the Day

The Long Walk

“How you and I been walking along this road now? 50 years now?” an unnamed old man asks. The odd thing is the woman is speaking to, who also goes unnamed, couldn’t be much older than 20. The Old Man (Yannawoutthi Chanthalungsy) finds a decaying motorbike in the jungle where he has lived his whole life, strips and meticulously cleans the useable parts. When he sells the parts on to a street vendor, he receives payment from a mobile phone, directly to a chip in his forearm. “You still have a government-issued chip?” the vendor yells. “Ancient technology, ancient man!”

These two lines early in the film tell the audience that despite the abundant nature of the jungle setting, The Long Walk is a science fiction fantasy story with its own rules about how the universe works. The Girl (Noutnapha Soydara) serves as a link between the Old Man and a painful memory from his childhood, which unfolded in the same house where he is still living. He dilapidated house is a perfect setting for a film about the inability to let loved ones move on after they have died.

Director Mattie Do was born to Lao refugees in America, and only recently moved to Laos to become a filmmaker. It couldn’t be easy, as there is not much of a film industry in the country. Her debut film became the first Lao film to screen outside of Southeast Asia. The Long Walk is only her third film, and already looks like the work of a seasoned filmmaker. It often calls to mind Andrei Tarkovsky’s Stalker, not only because it is a sci-fi story in a naturalistic setting, but because of the assured tone and pace of the film.

Movie of the Day

Only the Animals

Damien Bonnard as the lonesome farmer, Joseph

The Tokyo International Film Festival offers something that is rather rare in the city—the chance to see French films with English subtitles. I see as many as I can and am rarely disappointed. I went into Only the Animals knowing next to nothing about it.

I was a bit apprehensive in the first ten minutes, as Alice (Laure Calamy) makes her rounds in a mountainous area of France to see that farmers are following hygiene regulations for some unmentioned agency and has sex with lonesome farmer Joseph (Damien Bonnard). But this is not actually how the film begins. The scene before the opening title has a young man weaving through traffic in Côte d’Ivoire on a scooter with a live goat strapped to his back. He goes to an apartment, where he asks for Papa Sanou (Christian Ezan). This prologue signals that Alice’s story is going to go somewhere very different, and indeed it does.

Veteran actress Valeria Bruni Tedeschi with future star Nadia Tereszkiewicz.

When Alice sees a news report about a missing woman with a shot of an abandoned car she saw on her rounds, it is the first of many, many plot twists, as the structure of the film unfolds like a Chinese box, shifting to the perspectives a different characters, first Alice’s aloof husband Michel (Denis Ménochet, who is the highlight of the ensemble cast) then missing woman herself (Valeria Bruni Tedeschi) and a young, needy waitress (the intense Nadia Tereszkiewicz, who has a great career ahead of her). Some of the same scenes are replayed from the perspective of another character, until everything leads back to the young man on the scooter in Côte d’Ivoire (Guy Roger ‘Bibisse’ N’Drin). He is told by the shaman Papa Senou “Chance is stronger than you”—a line that seems designed to take some of the stink off the incredible coincidences in the film. But more than chance of fate, the story is driven by impulse. All of the characters immediately give into their impulses, except for the local Gendarme (Bastien Bouillon), who doesn’t understand why people just don’t behave rationally. If they did, we wouldn’t have stories like this.

Movie of the Day

La Llorona

María Mercedes Coroy as the mysterious maid Alma in La Llorona

“Guatemala is tired of weeping for its missing people,” a journalist says, wrapping up a report on the overturning of a court ruling that found a retired general guilty of genocide in the early 1980s. And La Llorona is a film about weeping.

The news report is being broadcast on a widescreen TV in a luxurious home and is soon drowned out by the chanting of protestors. We are inside the home of the aging general himself. “People have been saying bad things about grandpa on the internet,” says the preteen Sara (Ayla-Elea Hurtado) early in the story. The general is named Enrique Monteverde in the film, but clearly based on former chief of military intelligence Mauricio Rodríguez Sánchez, who denied any responsibility for the genocide of the Maya Ixil people in court in September, 2018, which must have been just as the writing on this film was getting started.

Enrique is played by Julio Diaz, who looks like a veteran actor but IMDB has this as his only credit. Although Enrique agrees with his old military cronies on their strategy to never lower their heads, so they appear as heroes rather than victims, when the old man returns home under heavy guard and bulletproof vest, he is troubled. He believes he hears a woman crying in the middle of the night.

Sara (Sara (Ayla-Elea Hurtado) is drawn to water after meeting the family’s new maid.

Attacks by the protesters have proven to be too much for the servants, and all but one has left during the trial. The loyal Valeriana (María Telón) tells the family she has sent for people she knows in her hometown, and soon arrives quiet Alma (María Mercedes Coroy) who fixes the adults with a haunting stare by bonds with the granddaughter. The maids are both Mayan Ixil, the ethnic group subject to the general’s genocide. With Alma’s arrival, Enrique is consumed by images of water, and the sounds of a woman weapon, and the film becomes both a social drama and a horror film. The actress and director Jayro Bustamante work together to make Alma both a frightened victim and unsettling.

Director Jayro Bustamante at the Tokyo International Film Festival

Bustamante appeared after the screening at the Tokyo International Film Festival and said that the legend of La Llorona is one of the most well-known in all of Latin America. He said he wanted to share stories of Guatemala’s war with viewers who are too young to remember it. When he realized that young audiences like horror, he decided to combine a drama about genocide in which thousands of children were lost with the legend of the woman who was abandoned by a man and out of grief killed her own two children. The La Llorona of legend and Alma in the film can only go on weeping.

Movie of the Day

Earthquake Bird

A love triangle meets over beers. Credit: Netflix映画「アースクエイクバード」 11月15日(金)より独占配信開始

“I got a gig at the club in Ikebukuro,” Bob tells his friend Lucy during a hike into the mountains. “The band is really the best musicians I have ever played with. That is what I love about Japan—you get a second chance here.” Bob is a Brit running a Karaoke bar in 1989 Tokyo who dreams of a more serious career in music. He’s just a minor character (played by an underused Jack Huston) in Earthquake Bird and just one of many trying to start afresh in Tokyo. He introduces recently arrived Lily Bridges (Riley Keough) to long-time resident Lucy Fly (Alicia Vikander), whose name in its original Swedish pronunciation sounds just like the English word “flee.” Even Teiji (Naoki Kobayashi), the photographer who forms the third corner of the love triangle with Lily and Lucy, has come to Tokyo from Kagoshima in the rural south. “I didn’t like the girls in my hometown,” he says when asked about his dating history, although his excuse doesn’t quite ring true.

But this is Lucy’s story, and Vikander’s movie. The actress is in every single scene of the film, for which she not only learned to speak Japanese quite well but also learned to play the cello. We meet Lucy is pouring herself into her work as a translator, writing Japanese subtitles in pencil for another American film set in Japan, Black Rain, when the police arrive at the office and ask her to come in to answer a few questions. Lily was reported missing some time ago, and now a body has been found. The good cop/bad cop duo (Kazuhiro Muroyama and Ken Yamamura) see Lucy and uncooperative, when in fact she answers their questions, and only their questions, with exacting precision. “Five years and two months,” she says without taking time to think when asked how long she has been in Japan. Another time she informs the officers that she didn’t lie, but that they simply asked the question in the wrong tense. It is this rigid attitude that brings back the past Lucy is so desperate to flee, both her recent past with Teiji and Lily, and her more distant and more painful memories from Sweden, and the majority of the story unfolds in flashbacks.

“I was thinking this is the weirdest date I have ever been on, if it is a date.” Credit: Netflix映画「アースクエイクバード」 11月15日(金)より独占配信開始

Wash Westmoreland is probably the perfect director for this, having spent a year in Japan in the 1980s. I happen to know Tokyo well, having lived in the city for nearly 20 years, and was able to spot the usual sins of geography that have cropped in foreign films set in the city since at You Only Live Twice. A group of characters walk through the brightly lit streets of Shinjuku that were used on the final scene of Lost in Translation, and go down into a club that is nearly a mile away. But Westmoreland and his team work to make the Japanese settings authentic. The late ‘80s setting could have invited gags about big hair and clunky payphones, but the few reference to the time period help fill out the characters. “I called a girlfriend back home and talked for like, 20 minutes,” Lily says in one of her early conversations with Lucy, “and it wound up costing like a hundred bucks.” “It’s better not to call,” Lucy is quick to say. “It is good to be isolated.” When that hike into the mountains leads four characters to a stunning view of Mount Fuji, instead of pulling out smartphones to capture the moment for Instagram, they simply realize they haven’t brought a camera.

A sequence featuring the Ondeko drumming festival on Sado Island, is especially effective at using the rhythms to underscore Lucy’s increasing disorientation, paranoia and jealousy. After this masterful scene and a climax that is both surprising and mirror Lucy’s long-held anxieties, the quite resolution leaves a bit to be desired.

Naoki Kobayashi, Alicia Vikander and Wash Westmoreland at a press conference before the Japan premiere.

Vikander, Westmoreland and Kobayashi were on hand to present the film to the audience at the Tokyo International Film Festival, and surprised the audience by making their comments in both Japanese and English. This, as well as the film itself, is a sign of a level of international film production that has rarely been reached.


Hammer Horror Films

Frankenstein Films

  • The Curse of Frankenstein (1957)
  • The Revenge of Frankenstein (1958)
  • The Evil of Frankenstein (1964)
  • Frankenstein Created Woman (1967)
  • Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed (1969)
  • The Horror of Frankenstein (1970)
  • Frankenstein and the Monster from Hell (1973)

Dracula Films

  • Dracula (1958)
  • The Brides of Dracula (1960)
  • Dracula: Prince of Darkness (1966)
  • Dracula Has Risen from the Grave (1968)
  • Taste the Blood of Dracula (1970)
  • Scars of Dracula (1970)
  • Dracula A.D. 1972 (1972)
  • The Satanic Rites of Dracula (1973)
  • The Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires (1974)

The Mummy Films

  • The Mummy (1959)
  • The Curse of the Mummy’s Tomb (1964)
  • The Mummy’s Shroud (1967)
  • Blood from the Mummy’s Tomb (1971)

Vampire Films

  • The Kiss of the Vampire (1963)
  • Vampire Circus (1971)
  • Countess Dracula (1971)
  • Captain Kronos, Vampire Hunter (1974)

Carmilla Films

  • The Vampire Lovers (1970)
  • Lust for a Vampire (1971)
  • Twins of Evil (1971)

Psychological Thrillers

  • Taste of Fear (1961) (U.S. title Scream of Fear)
  • Maniac (1963)
  • Paranoiac (1963)
  • Nightmare (1964)
  • Hysteria (1965)
  • Fanatic (1965)
  • The Nanny (1965)
  • Crescendo (1970)
  • Straight on Till Morning (1972)
  • Fear in the Night (1972)

Other films

  • The Abominable Snowman (1957)
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles (1959)
  • The Two Faces of Dr. Jekyll (1960)
  • The Curse of the Werewolf (1961)
  • The Phantom of the Opera (1962)
  • The Gorgon (1964)
  • The Witches (1966)
  • The Plague of the Zombies (1966)
  • The Reptile (1966)
  • Quatermass and the Pit (1967) (U.S. title Five Million Years to Earth)
  • The Devil Rides Out (1968)
  • Hands of the Ripper (1971)
  • Dr. Jekyll and Sister Hyde (1971)

Revived Brand

  • Beyond the Rave (2008)
  • Let Me In (2010)
  • The Resident (2011)
  • Wake Wood (2011)
  • The Woman in Black (2012)
  • The Quiet Ones (2014)
  • The Woman in Black: Angel of Death (2015)
  • The Lodge (2019)

George Sanders


  • The Death Wheelers (1973)
  • Endless Night (1972)
  • Doomwatch (1972)
  • The Night of the Assassin (1970)
  • The Kremlin Letter (1970)
  • The Best House in London (1969)
  • The Body Stealers (1969)
  • The Girl from Rio (1969)
  • The Candy Man (1969)

Barbara Stanwyck


  • The House That Would Not Die (1970)
  • The Night Walker (1964)
  • Roustabout (1964)
  • Walk on the Wild Side (1962)
  • Forty Guns (1957)
  • Trooper Hook (1957)
  • Crime of Passion (1957)
  • These Wilder Years (1956)
  • The Maverick Queen (1956)
  • There’s Always Tomorrow (1955)
  • Escape to Burma (1955)
  • The Violent Men (1955)
  • Cattle Queen of Montana (1954)
  • Witness to Murder (1954)
  • Executive Suite (1954)
  • The Moonlighter (1953)
  • Blowing Wild (1953)
  • All I Desire (1953)
  • Titanic (1953)
  • Jeopardy (1953)
  • Clash by Night (1952)
  • The Man with a Cloak (1951)
  • To Please a Lady (1950)
  • The Furies (1950)
  • No Man of Her Own (1950)
  • The File on Thelma Jordon (1950)
  • East Side, West Side (1949)
  • The Lady Gambles (1949)
  • Sorry, Wrong Number (1948)
  • B.F.’s Daughter (1948)
  • Variety Girl (1947)
  • Cry Wolf(1947)
  • The Other Love (1947)
  • The Two Mrs. Carrolls (1947)
  • California (1947)
  • The Strange Love of Martha Ivers (1946)
  • The Bride Wore Boots (1946)
  • My Reputation (1946)
  • Christmas in Connecticut (1945)
  • Hollywood Canteen (1944)
  • Double Indemnity (1944)
  • Lady of Burlesque (1943)
  • The Gay Sisters (1942)
  • The Great Man’s Lady (1942)
  • Ball of Fire (1941)
  • You Belong to Me (1941)
  • Meet John Doe (1941)
  • The Lady Eve (1941)
  • Remember the Night (1940)
  • Golden Boy (1939)
  • Union Pacific (1939)
  • The Mad Miss Manton (1938)
  • Always Goodbye (1938)
  • Breakfast for Two (1937)
  • Stella Dallas (1937)
  • This Is My Affair (1937)
  • Internes Can’t Take Money (1937)
  • The Plough and the Stars (1936)
  • Banjo on My Knee (1936)
  • His Brother’s Wife (1936)
  • The Bride Walks Out (1936)
  • A Message to Garcia (1936)
  • Annie Oakley (1935)
  • Red Salute (1935)
  • The Woman in Red (1935)
  • The Secret Bride (1934)
  • A Lost Lady (1934)
  • Gambling Lady (1934)
  • Ever in My Heart (1933)
  • Baby Face (1933)
  • Ladies They Talk About (1933)
  • The Bitter Tea of General Yen (1932)
  • The Purchase Price (1932)
  • So Big! (1932)
  • Shopworn (1932)
  • Forbidden (1932)
  • The Miracle Woman (1931)
  • Night Nurse (1931)
  • The Stolen Jools (1931)
  • Ten Cents a Dance (1931)
  • Illicit (1931)
  • Ladies of Leisure (!929)
  • Mexicali Rose (1929)
  • The Locked Door (1929)
Movie of the Day

Witness to Murder

Roy Rowland
Chester Erskine
Barbara Stanwyck
George Sanders
Gary Merrill
Jesse White
Harry Shannon
Claire Carleton
Lewis Martin
Dick Elliott
Harry Tyler
Juanita Moore

Movie of the Day

Kind Hearts and Coronets

Movie of the Day

Great Expectations (1946)

Film Guides

Shirley Temple at 85

Today is Shirley Temple Black’s 85th birthday. The long-retired star and diplomat is likely quietly marking the day with family at her home in Woodside, California, where she remains largely out of the public eye.  Alas, a recently launched Twitter account purporting to be hers was revealed to be a fake after it started pumping spam to 10,000 followers who were eager to find out if  Shirley still puts animal crackers in her soup. She was honored by Kennedy Center in 1998, a broadcast worth watching for the revelation that the still-charming actress inspired the famously wooden Henry Kissinger to crack jokes and utter the phrase “On the Good Ship Lollipop” in his heavy German accent. In 2006, the Screen Actors Guild honored her with a Life Achievement Award presented by Jamie Lee Curtis and, in a nice bit of symmetry, Dakota Fanning. Apart from this appearance, she has kept a rather low profile since the death of her second husband in 2005. Although fans worldwide are hoping for a Betty White type comeback, it looks like it isn’t going to happen.

Her 85th birthday is significant because her longevity makes her a living link with Hollywood’s classic era. The long-feuding sisters Olivia de Havilland and Joan Fontaine are still among us. But when they were just starting their careers with small parts in 1935, the child start was getting top billing in the title roles of The Little Colonel and Curly Top.  Temple is certainly the last remaining female star of a pre-code film (1934’s Little Miss Marker), making her a bridge to the brief period of 1929-34 when Hollywood still allowed itself to make films that were both glamorous and gritty. The only other true Hollywood star to rival her longevity is Mickey Rooney, who also started as a child performer, but had more lucky with transitioning to teenage and adult roles.

Shirley Temple was far and away the greatest child star in the world in her day. She more or less single-handedly save Twentieth Century Fox from financial ruin shortly after she signed with the studio at the age of 5. She was given a bungalow on the Fox lot with built-to-scale furniture and a miniature care. 19 top writers were assigned to crank out Shirley Temple scripts in the race against the onset of puberty. She was the top box-office draw in America four years in a row (1935–38).  “During the Depression,” President Franklin Roosevelt said in one of his radio addresses “when the spirit of the people is lower than at any other time, it is a splendid thing that for just 15 cents an American can go to a movie and look at the smiling face of a baby and forget his troubles.”   64 years since she last stepped in front of a movie camera, Fox reports that Shirley Temple still sells one million DVDs a year. A better sales record than some so-called celebs working today, to be sure.

Shirley scoots around her bungalow on the Fox lot.
Shirley could scoot around her bungalow on the Fox lot, provided she didn’t go too far.

Temple will likely always retain the unofficial title of greatest child star that ever was. No one has ever come close to achieving her level of popularity, and no one ever will. Tabloids mean that studio publicity departments can no longer manufacture and protect a young star’s public persona. Much-needed laws now restrict how much time a minor can spend on a set. Even with the double allotment allowed to the Olsen Twins, in our age even a stage mother as devoted as Gertrude Temple was cannot legally provide the necessary training to polish the natural talented need to create another Shirley Temple. Only Temple could sing and dance, cry on cue, and remember not only her own lines but also those of her adult costars. Adolphe Menjou, who had already been in films for a full 20 years before taking second billing to Temple in Little Miss Marker, reportedly said “this kid scares me—she knows all the tricks.” The following year, while filming  The Little Colonel  Lionel Barrymore forgot a line and his 6-year-old costar fed it to him, sending the veteran actor into a violent rage. Both of the older actors would soon be doing what they could to get on the girl’s good side, much like the gruff characters they played until their hearts are softened by Shirley’s character.

With Adolph Menjou in Little Miss Marker, her first title role.
With Adolph Menjou in Little Miss Marker, her first title role.

Temple’s boundless popularity is hard to imagine today. In John Huston’s 1982 musical film Annie, the red-haired orphan is granted an audience with FDR (played by Edward Herrmann) who is touched by the girl’s optimism. The scene is likely based on Shirley’s real-life visit to the White House, were both the president and the first lady were fans. The scene make one wish that Fox had developed an adaptation of the Harold Gray comic strip for its young star—Temple was forever playing orphans and the girl with circles for eyes was the ultimate one. On the other side of the Atlantic, Princess Margaret and Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Mother) were devoted fans. So great and early was her fame in Hollywood, that her first baby tooth had only just fallen out when she was asked to press her tiny hands into the wet cement outside Grauman’s  Chinese Theater.

There was a dark side to her fame. Among the thousands of fan letters pouring in every week were some addressed to her father, from women pleading with him to sire “another Shirley.” Although Fox hired a retried police officer to act as her chauffeur and  bodyguard, she was the target of at least two attempted assassinations.  In the most bizarre of the incidents, she was singing “Silent Night” live in the CBS studios at Christmas time, 1939, when a woman in the audience pulled a gun and aimed it at the child star. The would be assassin was dragged out before she had a chance to fire a round. It was later learned that he had a daughter who died the same hour Shirley was born and was convinced the child star had stolen her girl’s soul.  “The tale seemed understandable to me,” Temple would write nearly nearly 50 years later in her autobiography Child Star. The feasibility of soul transmigration aside, the woman’s calculations pinpointing her daughter’s passing and Shirley’s birth were off by a full year. Fox had faked a birth certificate to shave a year off of the age of its top star.

The child star visits the White House.
America’s sweetheart visits the White House.

Her parents would reveal her true age to her as she entered her teens, and she shared it with the public when adjusting her age from 20 to 21 during a highly publicized divorce. She was to have a remarkable childhood. Like many little girls, she idolized Eleanor Roosevelt and Amelia Earhart, but in her case she also got to meet them. But like any other child star, she could not have a normal childhood. Although she had her specially-built bungalow at Fox, she was not allowed to walk around the lot, for fear that too much attention would spoil her. Her playhouse was also her prison. She was also forbidden to do highly lucrative personal appearances, as Fox feared audiences would not want to buy a ticket to see the girl if they had already seen her for free. The other unfortunate footnote of her stardom is that while she made millions for Fox, not much was left for her when her contract with the studio ended. Her father was an investment banker who squandered a good deal on poor investments. Another large chunk was claimed by Uncle Sam.

Although her films are still still selling one million DVDs a year, there are passages in the Temple filmography that are cringe-worthy for  viewers of today. There certainly some racist overtones in some of her films.  The worst offender is certainly the short Kid ‘in’ Africa, which sees little Shirley popped in a stew pot by African cannibals, also played by children. The actress was still too young to comprehend the meaning. When she and Bill “Bojangles” Robinson where preparing to become the first inter-racial dance couple in American film in The Little Colonel, the famed tap dancer arrived at her hotel for rehearsals. She learned that he was staying in the chauffeurs’ quarters over the garage, but later admitted that she wouldn’t understand the reason till years later.

Sharing a dance with Bill Robinson.
Sharing a dance with Bill Robinson.

Going through the comment in the Temple shorts and full features posted on YouTube, the most common complaint seems to be over the “creepiness” of scenes in which the young star appears to be eroticized with short dresses  and distinctly adult mannerisms. But that is how she started her screen career, in the low budget “Baby Burlesks” shorts, which feature kiddies in diapers fastened with over-sized safety pins as they play adult roles. In her second appearance in the series, 4-year-old temple mimics Mexican sexpot Dolores del Rio. In Kiddin’ Hollywood she apes on Marlene Dietrich’s vamp persona. The parodies of established sex symbols stopped when she began making features, but they were subject to moral scrutiny. 1935’s Curly Top was banned in Denmark for  “unspecified corruption.” Perhaps Danish censors were not amused by a scene in which the girl dances the hula in nothing but a grass skirt and a lei.  The novelist Graham Greene was still writing film review to pay the bills in 1937, when he wrote of the John Ford-directed Temple vehicle Wee Willie Winkie “the owners of a child star are like leaseholders—their property diminishes in value every year.” Fox producer Winfield Sheehan responded to his star property growing up by having her costumed in even short dresses and given more childish roles in an attempt to offset her growing spurts. Greene’s review continues with a now infamous passage:

Adult emotions of love and grief glissade across the mask of childhood, a childhood that is only skin-deep. It is clever, but it cannot last. Her admirers–middle-aged men and clergymen–respond to her dubious coquetry, to the sight of her well-shaped and desirable little body, packed with enormous vitality, only because the safety curtain of story and dialogue drops between their intelligence and their desire.

Twentieth Century Fox took seriously the need to protect the squeaky-clean image of its top star and sued for libel. Greene fled the controversy to Mexico, which was to change the course of his career. There may have been some dirty old men seated in the darkness of theaters when Temple’s films lit up the screen. Some also appear in her autobiography. She recalled that Wizard of Oz producer Arthur Freed revealed himself to the 11-year-old after a meeting to discuss her playing Dorothy Gale. But I would prefer to agree with FDR and say that the boundless optimism Shirley Temple radiated on screen helps viewers, both then and today, forget our problems for a time.